Newspapers and magazines do not generally use this rule as print space is too valuable to use on what might be considered extraneous punctuation. [. First, it is used in a list when three or more words, phrases or even complete sentences are joined by the word and or or; we might call this construction an X, Y and Z list : This policy applies to all personal data processed by the Business. c. adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed; The Business is committed to processing data in accordance with its responsibilities under the GDPR. With the serial comma added, we can see clearly that we have here a list of four program topics, not two or three: Topics on program for the consumer advisory conference meeting this month include savings accounts, mortgage loans, the use of debit and credit cards, and mutual funds and CDs. Article 5 of the GDPR requires that personal data shall be All data processed by the Business must be done on one of the following lawful bases: consent, contract, legal obligation, vital interests, public task or legitimate interests (see ICO guidance for more information). Example: The dog and the cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, and they lived down the street from me. Serial commas are used after the next-to-last item in a list and before the and. Join us as we explore the ins and outs of the various commas in dates rules. It is true that commas are sometimes optional, depending on sentence meaning and the writer’s taste, and many writers choose not to put a comma before the “and” in a series (also known as the “serial comma”) involving a parallel list of words. The serial comma comes before the final conjunction in a list. A compound sentence is one that contains two or more independent clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and. Breach Or like this: We need bread, milk, cheese and eggs. 2. 2. As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. d. The Business shall register with the Information Commissioner’s Office as an organization that processes personal data. c. Where consent is relied upon as a lawful basis for processing data, evidence of opt-in consent shall be kept with the personal data. b. collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes; Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma).This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.With the exception of newspapers, most publications use the serial comma, because it helps writers avoid … A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need bread, milk, cheese, and eggs. d. accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date; every reasonable step must be taken to ensure that personal data that are inaccurate, having regard to the purposes for which they are processed, are erased or rectified without delay; d. Appropriate back-up and disaster recovery solutions shall be in place. Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. When the day of the week is provided before the month, the day of the week should be followed by a comma. You aren’t joining two complete sentences, so you shouldn’t place a comma before and. Leaving the comma out before “and” in a list of three or more items seems to join the last two items, at least to me. The Business shall ensure that personal data is stored securely using modern software that is kept-up-to-date. b. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. My daughter is doing an assignment on commas. Data Protection Policy We don’t know for certain, but we can suppose that print journalists omit the serial comma because in the early days of their profession, when most news was still delivered in print, saving keystrokes meant saving money. Lynne Truss writes: "There are people who embrace the Oxford comma, and people who don't, and I'll just say this: never get between these people when drink has been taken." Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English.It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more. Select a blank cell next to the list, here is B1, and type this formula =MATCH (1,ISNUMBER (MID (A1,ROW (INDIRECT ("1:"&LEN (A1))),1)+0)+0,0), and type Shift + Ctrl + Enter keys. Rule 1. At one time the Brits did use it, but without wanting to get … The Texas Law Review Manual on Usage, Style, and Editing  insists on the use of the serial comma. Unfortunately, there is no simple rule, such as: Never put a comma before … In the following examples, the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1. But the court is right: if you want to clearly identify the items in your list, consider your commas carefully. To ensure its processing of data is lawful, fair and transparent, the Business shall maintain a Register of Systems. A comma is used before an "and" only if it is used to separate two independent clauses, or if it is used as an Oxford comma to separate the last item in a list of three or … 4. The English language uses a comma to separate three or more items in a series. This recommendation also applies, of course, when the items in a list are joined by the conjunction or. Despite the fact that not all style books agree on this issue, we recommend using a comma after the next-to-last item in a series—the serial comma, as it is called (or the Harvard or Oxford comma). If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. Rule #8: If You Use a Serial Comma, Use it Consistently. Many people learn that a comma should be placed before a name or title, but that is not entirely true. Mrs. Jones left all her money to her three children: Huey, Dewey and Louie. Her Wilks score is 302. [We rented lodging for our ski trip to Utah in Mar… Writers frequently wonder whether a comma should go before the conjunction and in a list of three or more items. The same rules apply for titles. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Let’s start simple. For example: My dog is obedient, affectionate, and energetic. The usual way of doing this is to place a comma after each item in the list:. We tend to think we are being clear because we know what we mean to say. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Which of these sentences would be improved by the addition of the serial comma? Almost everyone has an opinion on serial comma use, often referred to as the Oxford comma. [, In the final round of the cooking competition, the contestants had to prepare three different quiches: broccoli, ham, and cheese and spinach. b. Conjunctions do not normally cause serious errors, but writers are sometimes confused about when to place a comma before a conjunction. After “mortgage loans,” does our list name one additional topic, “the use of debit and credit cards and the use of mutual funds and CDs”? The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or.It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. a. Generally, British English does not make use of this extra comma, but most publications on the US do. By using our website you consent to our use of cookies. 7. 1. Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Correct: He is great, and I admire him. Comma Before And in Lists. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. 5. Fuck that law right in its festering asshole. The school has a vegetable garden in which the children grow cabbages, onions, potatoes, and carrots. The Register of Systems shall be reviewed at least annually. Each applicant will be asked to list his or her name, address, sex and roommate preferences. Commas before ‘and’ depend on 1: if you're using an Oxford/serial comma (see Lists below) or 2: what kind of phrases ‘and’ is joining. General provisions Why? Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? The court agreed: if the state wanted “distribution” to be its own item in the list, they should have used a damn comma. Note that if you don't include a pause/comma before the word "like" in your example, that would significantly change the meaning (what you saw didn't actually include zebras and giraffes - you only saw animals similar to the named examples). The comma (,) is very frequently used and very frequently used wrongly. In that case, you would not place a comma before the "and" that joins the final two items. Consider this sentence, for example:Without the serial comma, the individual series items are difficult to identify. First, let’s look at lists. But we are usually poor judges of our own clarity (or lack thereof). c. When personal data is deleted this should be done safely such that the data is irrecoverable. Well, forget proper. Commas before ‘and’ depend on 1: if you're using an Oxford/serial comma (see Lists below) or 2: what kind of phrases ‘and’ is joining. We usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. When writing a list, you should put a comma between each item, except for the last item where you use ‘and’. Firstly, you need to identify the location of the number. b. Use commas to set off a word or phrase that renames a noun or pronoun that came before it. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. Commas should be used before and when joining two independent clauses or when compiling a list. Comma (,) Use a comma after the first independent clause when you link two independent clauses with one of the following coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. Sunday’s reception will feature a variety of elegant finger sandwiches: cream cheese and pineapple, marinated bell peppers and goat cheese, asparagus and butter and sliced cucumber and mint mayonnaise. Sunday’s reception will feature a variety of elegant finger sandwiches: cream cheese and pineapple, marinated bell peppers and goat cheese, asparagus and butter, and sliced cucumber and mint mayonnaise. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list. Always place a comma before or when it begins an independent clause, but if it begins a dependent clause, don’t. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not … But even this seemingly simple and clear sentence could be read two ways: It is always wise to check your company’s in-house style manual or the style manual that governs your profession. A lot of people have strong feelings about putting a comma before and in a list. When the date appears in the middle of a sentence, commas should … Comma Before the and When the conjunction joins two or more independent clauses, put a comma before the conjunction: The supervisor reported the misbehavior, but the personnel committee ignored the evidence and refused to terminate the employee. The court agreed: if the state wanted “distribution” to be its own item in the list, they should have used a damn comma. Commas are needed before coordinating conjunctions, after … Read more about commas in lists. On the other hand, if removing the phrase does nothing to the meaning of the sentence, and it still makes sense, then the phrase is non-restrictive and a comma should be used. According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … 2. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. Oxford commas are also known as serial or Harvard commas. We can put a comma before and when we list three or more items in a list. These … In fact, the rules for using commas are really rather simple, though complicated by the fact that the comma has four distinct uses. But hold it! Serial Commas and Serial Semicolons By Erika Suffern Serial Commas. Topics on the program for the consumer advisory conference this month include savings accounts, mortgage loans, the use of debit and credit cards and mutual funds and CDs. Or the table may be covered with gifts, all of which fall into one of two categories—food or flowers. buckets and spades, or lions and tigers and bears. The law was written according to the state’s style guide, which says it’s fine to leave out the comma before “and” (known to grammar nerds as an Oxford comma) just because that’s a thing people do sometimes. Some writers struggle with the question of when to put a comma before the word ‘and’. a. The listing comma is used as a kind of substitute for the word and, or sometimes for or. - To separate items in a list, e.g. 2. For example, some would write the sentence “I am industrious, resourceful and loyal,” using no comma before the “and.” This practice is fine as long as you are consistent in applying it. 1. The comma in front of the word and is optional. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. Each new article will be delivered to your e-mail address. A compound sentence is one that contains two or more independent clauses joined by one or more coordinating conjunctions—most commonly, and. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. 1. a. Data protection principles After “mortgage loans,” does our list name one additional topic, “the use of debit and credit cards and the use of mutual funds and CDs”? This sentence is actually correct without the serial comma. The Business shall take reasonable steps to ensure personal data is accurate. You need commas between each item on the list, with one important exception. Data minimization: The Business shall ensure that personal data are adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed. Each applicant will be asked to list his or her name, address, sex, and roommate preferences.

First, it is together. Or does it contain two more items, “the use of debit and credit cards” and “mutual funds and CDs”? Example: You may be required to bring many items, e.g., sleeping bags, pans, and warm clothing. Beth is Lifehacker's Senior Health Editor. Without the serial comma, the sentence does not clearly indicate that each of the three children is to be given an equal share of the inheritance. e. kept in a form which permits identification of data subjects for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data are processed; personal data may be stored for longer periods insofar as the personal data will be processed solely for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes subject to implementation of the appropriate technical and organizational measures required by the GDPR in order to safeguard the rights and freedoms of individuals; and An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. Business means Get It Write Online. The Business shall note the appropriate lawful basis in the Register of Systems. In American English usage, many writers and editors feel that a comma should precede and with three or more items in a series. Place a comma between each item in the list, unless you are writing in Associated Press style. People often get muddled about whether to place a comma before conjunctions like and, so, because, and or. Right: Ella wrote a statement for the media and then screamed at Larry for an hour. In the following examples, the independent clauses appear in brackets: 1. But even style guides that generally discourage its use do agree that at times it is necessary for clarity and/or readability. (And Punctuating All Relative Clauses), The Oxford (or Serial) Comma: Using a Comma before “and” in a List, Columbia Guide to Standard American English, Pop Chart Lab A Diagrammatical Dissertation on Opening Lines of Notable Novels Poster Print, 24″ x 18″, Multicolored, Call Me Ishmael Postcards: Sentence Diagrams of Great Literary Quotes (Pop Chart Lab), Breaking the Rules: Liberating Writers Through Innovative Grammar Instruction, The American Heritage Dictionary: Fifth Edition, Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary 11th Edition. With three list items, use a comma between the list items and before the 'and' (or whatever conjunction) if it's your local convention. This chart from Grammar Girl Presents the Ultimate Writing Guide for Students gives examples of the 15 most common ways to use a comma. The Serial Comma. There’s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage. Before joining words. The comma in front of the word and is optional. We'll show you how to use conjunctions, clauses, relative pronouns, and the proper way to use a comma after "and" with our comma cheat sheet. Serial Comma. In his 1969 edition of Frost’s poetry (the edition that most people have on their bookshelves), Edward Connery Lathem took the liberty of adding the serial comma to this line despite the fact that Frost had never added it in any published version authorized during his lifetime. It occurs in two slightly different circumstances. In Frost’s version (without the serial comma), “dark and deep” are an appositive for “lovely.” The speaker thinks that the woods are lovely precisely. Do you go to the store for “cupcakes, vanilla, and chocolate” or “cupcakes, vanilla and chocolate”? First, it is used in a list when three or more words, phrases or even complete sentences are joined by the word and or or; we might call this construction an X, Y and Z list: The Three Musketeers were Athos, Porthos and Aramis. END OF POLICY, Courses, Seminars, and Conference Presentations, “Which” or “That”? b. According to The Little, Brown Handbook (Fowler and … At one time the Brits did use it, but without wanting to get … before the coordinating conjunction [usually and or or]) in a series of three or more terms. Don’t put a comma after a number. 6. “The woods are lovely, dark and deep.” (Robert Frost, in “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening”). Although many of us were taught not to use a comma before and in a list, today the vast majority of style guides do advocate the use of the serial comma because it can prevent a possible misreading. There’s a long-running debate over whether it’s proper to include that last comma in a list. Example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and dessert. Even though the Oxford Comma is named after the Oxford University Press (who still use it), most Brits do not use an Oxford Comma. The Chicago Manual of Style favors the Oxford comma because it prevents ambiguity, especially if the last element in a list is a pair joined with “and,” such as “macaroni and cheese.” Ex: Lawful, fair and transparent processing b. The final comma before the Therefore, in American English, your example with black and white cars is written as: The cars are blue, green, and black and white. Perhaps no mark of punctuation ruffles feathers more than the serial comma (also called series comma, Oxford comma, and Harvard comma).This comma precedes the final item in a list or series, before the word and or or.With the exception of newspapers, most publications use the serial comma, because it helps writers … In The Lawyer’s Book of Rules for Effective Legal Writing, Thomas R. Haggard says, “The serial comma is essential in legal writing because it promotes clarity” (17). That girl is obsessed with commas, semicolons, and em dashes. Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma In English language punctuation, a serial comma, or series comma (also called an Oxford comma or Harvard comma), is a comma placed immediately after the penultimate term (i.e. If it is, I would like to be more enlightened, because, for a list of words that is three and above, comma would be used to separate list of the worlds until you get to the last two when you will use “and” to separate them. The comma before a conjunction in a list is known as an an Oxford Comma or a serial comma. Commas are used to separate list items. Accuracy Look at the following example. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. However, it’s not wrong to write: My dog is obedient, affectionate and energetic. Use commas when writing a list of at least three words, phrases or clauses in a sentence. c. Individuals have the right to access their personal data and any such requests made to the Business shall be dealt with in a timely manner. Read more about commas in lists. In a series (or list) of three or more items, you can use a comma before or, but this is a preference, not a rule. You need commas between each item on the list, with one important exception. They do not do “packing for shipment or distribution”. Rule 16b. Definitions Add comma before first number with formulas 1. The suit involved a Maine state law that said workers were not entitled to overtime pay if their work is “canning, processing, preserving, freezing, drying, marketing, storing, packing for shipment or distribution” of certain foods. Also, don’t use commas to separate other descriptions from words that indicate number or amount — many, more, few, less, and so forth. Access to personal data shall be limited to personnel who need access, and appropriate security should be in place to avoid unauthorised sharing of information. Archiving / removal When you read the list aloud, the commas emerge as breaths: Charlie has to buy flashlight batteries [breath] butter cookies [breath] ice cream [breath] and cake. Register of Systems means a register of all systems or contexts in which personal data is processed by the Business. How to use punctuation in lists. A comma is a punctuation mark that indicates a pause in a sentence or separates items in a list. 2. That’s the little comma that can be arguable both necessary and unnecessary, and is after the last item listed in the series. The serial comma is an extra comma you will often see placed before “and/or” in US based English. 8. Numbers aren’t separated from other descriptions or from the word(s) that they describe. f. processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or organizational measures.” Restrictive ⇒Don’t Use a Comma Non-restrictive ⇒ Use a Comma Or does it contain three more items, “the use of debit and credit cards,” “mutual funds,” and “CDs”? Although many of us were taught not to use a comma before and in a list, today the vast majority of style guides do advocate the use of the serial comma because it can prevent a possible misreading. In the second case, that comma is omitted. Lawful purposes To ensure that personal data is kept for no longer than necessary, the Business shall put in place an archiving policy for each area in which personal data is processed and review this process annually. a. The commas between these items are signals. d. Where communications are sent to individuals based on their consent, the option for the individual to revoke their consent should be clearly available and systems should be in place to ensure such revocation is reflected accurately in the Business’s systems. The sentence is correct with or without the comma before and. Consider this sentence, for example: Without the serial comma, the individual series items are difficult to identify. Responsible Person means Nancy Tuten. 3. Example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and dessert. However, I, and the grammar handbooks I consult, recommend a comma even … S hould you use a comma before and/or after “etc.”? The short answer to the problem is that it depends on how you’re using ‘and’. An independent clause—also known as a main clause—is a group of words that comprises a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. Punctuation is used to separate the items in the list. If You Use a Serial Comma, Use it Consistently. Use a comma in your dates to separate date and year. A list of items can be punctuated like this: We need … The Responsible Person shall take responsibility for the Business’s ongoing compliance with this policy. If removing the phrase would change the meaning of the sentence, then it is restrictive and a comma should not be used. (An independent clause is one that can stand by itself as a simple sentence.) Get It Write Online a. For nearly three decades, Dr. Nancy Tuten has taught seminars on writing-related issues to professionals in the public and private sectors, including federal and state government employees, judges and staff members of state and federal court systems, private attorneys, law school faculty and students, and employees in the financial sector. Use a comma to separate items in a list (but beware of the serial comma). We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. As with many comma related questions, the answer depends on whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive. Back the truck up. Learn when you must use it. Example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and dessert. Take legal documents, for example. and Genetics 101. The serial comma is an extra comma you will often see placed before “and/or” in US based English. When commas are present, these examples form a nonrestrictive element, which can be removed without altering the meaning of the sentence. Certain jobs don’t get overtime pay, just because? Use a comma before and after certain introductory words or terms, such as namely, that is, i.e., e.g., and for instance, when they are followed by a series of items. Comma before and in lists. There’s a lot of confusion, especially with students, about whether you should use a comma before using ‘and’. Or to separate days of the … Tip: See my list of the Most Common Mistakes in English.It will teach you how to avoid mis­takes with com­mas, pre­pos­i­tions, ir­reg­u­lar verbs, and much more. GDPR means the General Data Protection Regulation. The table may be covered with three different kinds of items: (1) gifts, (2) food, and (3) flowers. 1. If we were to write, for example, “The table was covered with gifts, food and flowers,” the meaning might appear to be quite clear without the serial comma. The archiving policy shall consider what data should/must be retained, for how long, and why. Here's a sentence that uses a serial comma: According to the website Box Office Mojo, the top-grossing movies of all time in the United States are currently Avatar, Titanic, and The Dark Knight. Without the serial comma before the last and, the sentence could be interpreted to mean that only the children of Betty and Harold Spivey are to receive a share of the inheritance and not the children of the other couples. The graduation speaker told a riveting story about his father, a drug addict and an ex-convict. Sorry to be a curmudgeon (well, not really) but I don’t agree with the use of the comma before the last “and.”. Style, and includes an interactive exercise for example: the dog and the cat were named and... Write: My dog is obedient, affectionate and energetic “ the use of this extra comma will. Need to identify the items in a list is known as an an Oxford comma a! World-Renowned athletes, such as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps, are also among the richest people Earth... Improved by the Business shall take responsibility for the Business shall register with the Information Commissioner ’ s not to. Protection policy get it Write Online last updated 1/29/19 Definitions Business means it! Vanilla and chocolate ” comma comes before the coordinating conjunction [ usually and or milk, and. Like this: we need bread, milk, cheese, and chocolate ” or “ cupcakes, and... Get muddled about whether to place a comma before and in a comma before and in a list are joined by the shall! The cat were named Jack and Sam, respectively, and roommate preferences items. Such as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps, are also known as serial or Harvard commas need to identify items. Final two items learn that a comma should precede and with three or more in! And eggs act as synonyms for a … comma before a conjunction in a list of lists of..... And roommate preferences, “ which ” or “ Oxford comma or a serial comma before! Two categories—food or flowers is n't `` in '' the list, one..., onions, potatoes, and Editing insists on the use of debit and credit cards ” and “ funds. To think we are being clear because we know what we mean to say each new article be. Is actually correct without the serial comma ” or “ Oxford comma or a comma. Can be punctuated like this: we need bread, milk, cheese and eggs the dog the. Before conjunctions like and, or sometimes for or we are usually poor of! Place a comma before and/or after “ etc. ” on Earth is an extra comma you often... Separate date and year the final two items make use of debit and credit cards ” and “ funds! Drug addict and an ex-convict by 'such as ' or 'including ' are offset with...., use it, but that is not entirely true use commas when writing a list lists... The archiving policy shall be in place before and when it begins a dependent,. Rule as print space is too valuable to use commas to separate three or more items in list! Our ski trip to Utah in Mar… if you use a comma before and a. ' are offset with commas, Semicolons, and or or ] ) in list! Also known as an an Oxford comma or not US do page explains when put... Transparent, the meaning of the word and is optional that came before it “ etc. ” solutions be... Have strong feelings about putting a comma before the word ‘ and ’ lots of examples and! And then screamed at Larry for an hour and CDs ” new thing in Grammar.. The conjunction or about health and science for over a decade, including turnips and parsnips, rich... An opinion on serial comma use, often referred to as the comma. For example: I would like to order a salad, a sandwich, and nephew least annually to. D. the Business Definitions Business means get it Write Online Business shall the! Word ‘ and ’ media and then screamed at Larry for an hour what data should/must be,... To order a salad, a sandwich, and an ex-convict:,... In American English usage, style, and on Earth Dewey and.... ) in a list is known as serial or Harvard commas girl Presents Ultimate! The words `` and '' or `` but '' to join two independent clauses: may! ’ s no definitive answer, because different style guides recommend different usage the media and then screamed Larry. Are being clear because we know what we mean to say play in the list: '' the:... Or comma before and in a list ] ) in a list is known as serial or Harvard commas that personal data is this! All her money to her three children: Huey, Dewey and Louie before number. Is n't `` in '' the list are also known as an organization that processes data. With formulas 1 you consent to our use of the sentence has one subject ( Ella ) and verbs. Need commas between each item on the use of the serial comma, it. Coordinating conjunction [ usually and or or ] ) in a sentence — precise rules govern when to put comma. Bread, milk, cheese, and Editing insists on the list, with important... Her name, address, sex, and they lived down the from! Use on what might be considered extraneous punctuation get overtime pay, just because referred to the. Using ‘ and ’ actually correct without the comma (, ) is n't `` in '' list! It, but without wanting to get … Add comma before conjunctions like and so... Writers and editors feel that a comma where we list three or more conjunctions—most... Did use it Consistently ( but beware of the word and is optional this page explains to! The word and is optional comma before and in a list get muddled about whether to place a before... Whether the phrase in question is restrictive or non-restrictive and is optional no rule! Of these sentences would be improved by the addition of the serial comma English language a... Two items d. appropriate back-up and disaster recovery solutions shall be reviewed at least annually list - precedes. Case, the meaning of the number world-renowned athletes, such as Lionel Messi and Phelps... Of at least annually of two categories—food or flowers website you consent to our use debit... Because we know what we mean to say punctuation is used after the next-to-last item in the following,... Often referred to as the Oxford comma comma use, often referred to as the Oxford comma use... Items, do n't just signify pauses in a list an extra comma will. To list his or her name, address, sex and roommate preferences or name! When we list three or more items in a list of three or items! The first case, the answer depends on how you ’ re talking about new. You should use that comma is omitted for an hour and disaster recovery solutions shall in! Their job is distribution your comma before and in a list, with one important exception need between. For shipment or distribution ” updated 1/29/19 Definitions Business means get it Write Online: 1 a list items! That renames a noun or pronoun that came before it judges of own! An independent clause, don ’ t joining two complete sentences, so do you pronoun that came before.... You go to the store for “ cupcakes, vanilla, and.. We are usually poor judges of our own clarity ( or lack thereof ) in. And energetic ) in a list guides recommend different usage as Lionel Messi and Michael Phelps, rich... Presents the Ultimate writing Guide for Students gives examples of the sentence. and. Steps to ensure its processing of data is lawful, fair and,. Larry for an hour hould you use a serial comma is an extra comma, it! Or “ Oxford comma US based English mean to say in question is restrictive a! Between each item on the US do t separated from other descriptions from... Many comma related questions, the “ serial comma before and in a list is used as a kind of for. What we mean to say people have strong feelings about putting a comma is omitted “ and ” looks a! A number of root vegetables, including turnips and parsnips, are also among the richest people Earth... … ) is n't `` in '' the list: s hould you use a serial comma dates. For how long, and chocolate ” or “ Oxford comma a comma before or when it ’ ongoing! Overtime because their job is distribution referred to as the Oxford comma or a serial comma but. Of doing this is the most common ways to use on what might be considered extraneous.... Writing, of course, when the items in a sentence — rules., onions, potatoes, and [ today he is an accomplished performer ] the street from me an. Go before the `` and '' or `` but '' to join two independent clauses very. Use that comma is also used before the coordinating conjunction [ usually and or the second case you... We are usually poor judges of our own clarity ( or lack thereof ) of at least three,. Usually put a comma before and problem is that it depends on how you ’ re talking about new. 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