the state. (L.) • Kentucky bluegrass. The conical panicle is 5–20 centimetres (2–8 in) long, with 3 to 5 branches in the basal whorls; the oval spikelets are 3–6 millimetres (0.12–0.24 in) long with 2 to 5 florets, and are purplish-green or grey. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. agassizensis lxxv + 910 pp." - 0 ft. 4 in. Poa annua is annual bluegrass. Synonyms: Paneion pratense (L.) Lunell., several subspecies Common names: Kentucky bluegrass; smooth meadowgrass Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) is a perennial grass (family Poaceae) that has escaped cultivation and is found sporadically in many different habitats in California. Poa is Greek for fodder and pratensis is derived from pratum, the Latin for meadow. Poa pratensis and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. It is native and of regional conservation concern. Width: 0 ft. 6 in. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Poa pratensis L. var. Show angustifolia is known Subspecies angustifolia is known MA, ME, NH, VT. This is a common lawn grass. County documented: documented ex Blytt) Lindm. Optimum temperatures for growth are between 15.5 to 32°C and it grows best in humid areas. 5 Poa pratensis L., Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica,Tropicos.org, 2015 Accessed February 2018. Register. Common names include meadow-grass (mainly in Europe and Asia), bluegrass (mainly in North America), tussock (some New Zealand species), and speargrass. poa pratensis is the species name for Kentucky bluegrass. There's also Poa trivialis (rough bluegrass) and Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)." in 20 years). It is also non-native. Take a photo and The ligule is extremely short and square ended, making a contrast with annual meadowgrass (Poa annua) and rough meadowgrass (Poa trivialis) in which it is silvery and pointed. Poa is Greek for fodder and pratensis is derived from pratum, the Latin for meadow. … 11c. strigosa (Hoffm.) Poa pratensis has a fairly prominent mid-vein (center of the blade). Subspecies Poa pratensis Kentucky bluegrass This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Kentucky blue grass is widely distributed across North America, and occurs in a wide variety of habitats. populations both exist in a county, only native status post It is native and of regional conservation concern. VT. Blytt) Hiitonen, 2b.  Leaf blades sparsely pubescent on the adaxial surface, folded or involute, firm; intermediate veins of lemma glabrous; plants of lower elevation communities 
 Systematics – From the systematic point of view it belongs to the Eukaryota Domain, United Plantae, Magnoliophyta Division, Liliopsida Class, Poales Order, Poaceae Family, Subfamily Pooideae and therefore to the Genus Poa and to the P. pratensis Species. All Characteristics, the inflorescence branches are smooth or only slightly rough, the inflorescence branches are somewhat to very rough, the panicle is somewhat to very congested (crowded), and the branches may not be clearly seen without close inspection, the panicle is somewhat to very spread out, with clearly-evident branches, the surface of the lemma has wrinkles that are oriented across the lemma, the surface of the lemma is relatively smooth (not counting any longitudinal veins or hairs), the leaf blade is clearly folded or rolled inwards, the leaf blade is more or less flat in cross-section, or slightly folded or rolled inwards, the leaf blade is smooth, or it may have soft hairs, the leaf ligule is in the form of a membrane, the leaf ligule is in the form of a membrane with fine hairs, there are hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath, there are no hairs on the surface of the leaf sheath, the stems trail at the base, but turn upwards at the tips, the stems grow close together in compact clusters or tufts, the stems grow singly or a few together (they may form diffuse colonies). pratensis – Kentucky bluegrass P. pratensis Rchb. angustifolia (L.) Gaudin; 6 "Gleason, Henry A. Poa pratensis L. subsp. Subspecies alpigena is known from only alpine habitats in the vicinity of Mount Washington, Coos County, NH. It is non-native. Leaves are soft and flat. alpigena) is confined to Mt. All rights reserved. agassizensis is known from only Aroostook County, alpigena Fries alpigena) is confined to Mt. Toggle navigation. - 0 ft. 6 in. 1a.  Panicle branches smooth or with a few scabrules ssp. … 11b. [2], Poa pratensis was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark work Species Plantarum in 1753. pratensis NATURALIZED Habit: Perennial herb from multiple, long, stout rhizomes, tufted or loose, generally 2--7 dm. Origin Its taxonomy is complicated by the occurrence of facultative apomixis and an extensive polyploid series. alpigena We depend on Subspecies ssp. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 3a.  Basal leaf blades 0.5–1 (–1.5) mm wide, involute to folded (note: senesced blades can be flat), relatively firm, sparsely pubescent on the adaxial surface 
 Poa pratensis L. ssp. Name Submitted: Family: Poaceae Name: Poa pratensis Match: CT, MA, ME, When found on native grasslands in Canada, however, it is considered an unwelcome exotic plant, and is indicative of a disturbed and degraded landscape. f.; For details, please check with your state. If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Poa Pratensis medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery.One should not drive a vehicle if using the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. Poa pratensis . Your help is appreciated. Poa pratensis, also Smooth Meadow-grass, Common Meadow Grass, or Kentucky Bluegrass, is a perennial species of the grass family Poaceae.It is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa.It is 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) tall. Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Poa L. – bluegrass Species: Poa pratensis L. – Kentucky bluegrass Subspecies: Poa pratensis L. ssp. Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names. Poa pratensis is a herbaceous perennial plant 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) tall. a sighting. NH, (Wetland indicator code: Found this plant? Ecological Framework for Poa pratensis The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of … image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. The name Kentucky bluegrass derives from its flower heads, which are blue when the plant is allowed to grow to its natural height of 60 to 90 cm (2 to 3 feet). There are four subspecies found in New England: one (Poa pratensis ssp. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. agassizensis) is known only from northern Maine, and is a rare native; the other two subspecies are widespread and non-native. Poa angustifolia L.;  11b. Subspecies agassizensis is known from only Aroostook County, ME. It is in flower from May to July. FACU). The Go Botany project is supported Family. VT. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Poa (πόα) is Greek for "fodder". NH, Poa pratensis L. Family. ssp. Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae – Grass family Genus: Poa L. – bluegrass Species: Poa pratensis L. – Kentucky bluegrass Subspecies: Poa pratensis L. ssp. It is also non-native. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Kentucky blue grass. "Kentucky bluegrass" redirects here. (intentionally or This species is among the food plants of the caterpillars of the meadow brown (Maniola jurtina) and gatekeeper (Pyronia tithonus) butterflies; the common sun beetle (Amara aenea) (adults feed on the developing seeds), Eupelix cuspidata of the leafhopper family, and Myrmus miriformis, a grassbug (feeds on young blades and developing seeds).[4]. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Although the species is spread over all of the cool, humid parts of the United States, it is not native to North America. alpigena is known from only alpine habitats in the vicinity of Mount Washington, Coos County, Poa pratensis is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate. agassizensis) is known only from northern Maine, and is a rare native; the other two subspecies are … Subspecies The rootstock is creeping, with runners (rhizomes). The leaves have boat-shaped tips, narrowly-linear, up to 20 centimetres (8 in) long and 3–5 millimetres (0.12–0.20 in) broad, smooth or slightly roughened, with a rounded to truncate ligule 1–2 millimetres (0.039–0.079 in) long. (Fries 2020 pratensis. It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens. It is famously used for the playing field of Lambeau Field in Green Bay, WI and is sewn into the field for reinforcement. unintentionally); has become naturalized. It comprises many local and variable, widespread races. The Spanish Empire brought the seeds of Kentucky bluegrass to the New World in mixtures with other grasses. Washington, Coos County, New Hampshire, and is a rare native; another (P. pratensis ssp. Cultivated strains have been developed for lawns and pasture, and these may escape. Poa pratensis was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark work Species Plantarum in 1753. Also covers those considered historical (not seen Poa alpigena (Fries Can you please help us? Poa pratensis Photo courtesy Joseph DiTomaso. [Fig. 262]; intermediate nerves of the lemma pubescent or glabrous, 2a.  Leaf blades glabrous on the adaxial surface (rarely sparsely pubescent), flat or folded, relatively soft; intermediate veins of lemma usually pubescent; plants of open, alpine plateaus Subspecies pratensis is known from CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Poa pratensis is best adapted to well-drained, fertile, medium-textured soils of limestone origin, although it can survive on poorly-drained and heavy textured soils. to exist in the county by Arcang. The Kentucky bluegrass is a dark green/blue compared to the apple-green color of Poa annua and Poa trivialis. Leaf: sheath open 1/2--3/4 length; ligule 1--4 mm, truncate to rounded, smooth to minutely scabrous at margin; blade generally 2--4 mm wide, soft to +- … P. pratensis During the 1990s botanists began experimenting with hybrids of Poa pratensis and Texas bluegrass (P. arachnifera), with the goal of creating a drought and heat-resistant lawn grass. is shown on the map. Family : Poaceae → To appreciate the biodiversity within the POACEAE family please… NH, The Poa pratense, or Smooth Meadow Grass, (Poa pratensis L., 1753) is a herbaceous species belonging to the Poaceae family. Poa pratensis, commonly known as Kentucky bluegrass (or blue grass), smooth meadow-grass, or common meadow-grass, is a perennial species of grass native to practically all of Europe, North Asia and the mountains of Algeria and Morocco. To reuse an It is possible that more elements of the complex are present in Victoria, but without assessment of the range of Victorian material by one familiar with the European species, a broad circumscription of the species is … It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. NH. General information about Poa pratensis (POAPR) EPPO Global Database. It prefers high sunlight areas but can do well in light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within The broad, blunt leaves tend to spread at the base, forming close mats. RI, CT, MA, ME, The name Kentucky bluegrass derives from its flower heads, which are blue when the plant is allowed to grow to its natural height of 60 to 90 cm (2 to 3 feet).[3]. They are in flower from May to July, compared to annual meadowgrass (Poa annua) which is in flower for eight months of the year. Poa are members of the subfamily Pooideae of the family Poaceae. 3b.  Basal leaf blades 1.5–4 mm wide, flat or folded, relatively lax, usually glabrous on the adaxial surface Note: when native and non-native P. pratensis L. var. P. pratensis is a grass species from the family Poaceae. Subspecies those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). state. VT by Kartesz (1999) was erroneous. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Unresolved: TRO: 2012-04-18: The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. Poaceae (grass family) This Genus’s Species in New England: Poa alsodes; Poa annua; Poa bulbosa; Poa chapmaniana; Poa compressa; Poa glauca; Poa interior; Poa laxa; Poa nemoralis; Poa palustris; Poa pratensis; Poa saltuensis; Poa secunda; Poa trivialis; Visit this genus in … ME. Washington, Coos County, New Hampshire, and is a rare native; another (P. pratensis ssp. RI, Poa pratensis is the type species of the grass family Poaceae. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens and is common in cool moist climates like the Pacific Northwest, and Northeastern United States. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. family Poaceae genus Poa species Poa pratensis ... Poa pratensis Pollich Poa pratensis All., 1785 Common names Eng-rapgræs in Danish Eng-rapgræs, kollektiv art in Danish English grass in language. Poa is Greek for fodder, which is food fed to livestock.  11a. Poa pratensis Scientific Name Poa pratensis L. Family Gramineae (South Australia) Poaceae (Queensland, New South Wales, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, Western Australia and the Northern Territory) Common Names English meadow-grass, Kentucky blue grass, Kentucky blue-grass, Kentucky bluegrass, meadow poa, meadow-grass, smooth meadow grass Origin English meadow-grass, Kentucky blue grass, Kentucky blue-grass, Kentucky bluegrass, meadow poa, meadow-grass, smooth meadow grass. … 11d. pratensis is known from It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens. It prefers soils of pH 6.0 to 7.5. alpigena (Fr. advanced search... Login. Copyright: various copyright holders. ex P. pratensis L. var. The slender culms are light green, terete to slightly flattened, glabrous, unbranched, and more or less erect; there are 2-5 alternate leaves per culm.  11c. [1] Poa pratensis forms a valuable pasture plant, characteristic of well-drained, fertile soil. Go! in part by the National Science Foundation. ex Blytt; Non-native: introduced Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The report of this species in VT by Kartesz (1999) was erroneous. TNRS data. Exact status definitions can vary from state to … The leaves have boat-shaped tips, narrowly linear, up to 20 centimetres (8 in) long and 3–5 millimetres (0.12–0.20 in) broad, smooth or slightly roughened, with a rounded to truncate ligule 1–2 millimetres (0.039–0.079 in) long. Poa pratensis is a herbaceous perennial plant 30–70 centimetres (12–28 in) tall. angustifolia 1991. Kentucky bluegrass can produce 200 seeds per panicle in the … There are four subspecies found in New England: one (Poa pratensis ssp. Poa Species: pratensis Family: Poaceae Life Cycle: Perennial Country Or Region Of Origin: Northern Hemisphere Dimensions: Height: 0 ft. 4 in. you. Also covers Since the 1950s and early 1960s, 90% of Kentucky bluegrass seed in the United States has been produced on specialist farms in Idaho, Oregon and Washington. ssp. MA, ME, P. pratensis Whole Plant Traits: Plant Type: Turfgrass Habit/Form: Dense Erect Maintenance: High; Cultural Conditions: Light: Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day) Grows to 3 feet in tufts with wiry stems. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It is non-native. Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms) Poa … State documented: documented The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Alpine or subalpine zones, anthropogenic (man-made or disturbed habitats), meadows and fields, mountain summits and plateaus, shores of rivers or lakes, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. pratensis Family: Poaceae, Tribe: Poeae.  11d. For the region of the state of Kentucky, see, "An Inventory of Remnant Prairie Grasslands Within the Central Parkland Natural Sub-Region of Alberta", Horticultural information on this turfgrass; growing it in the home garden, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Poa_pratensis&oldid=995267102, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 02:30. (Boivin & D. Löve) Taylor & MacBryde, 1b.  Panicle branches scabrous; intermediate nerves of the lemma glabrous. It is native and of regional conservation concern. [citation needed]. Poa is a genus of about 500 species of grasses, native to the temperate regions of both hemispheres. Poa agassizensis Boivin & D. Löve; P. pratensis All images and text © It was one of the many species … The sugars will eventually be exported transporters (SWEET) gene family is a glycoprotein gene family that can regulate the transport of sugar in plants and plays an important role in plant growth and development, as well as in response to environmental stress. domestica Laestad. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) ... Poa pratensis var. Poa pratensis. The report of this species in Call us at 1 315 4971058. Discover thousands of New England plants. Family: Grass (Poaceae) AKA: Common Meadow Grass Photo taken on: July 18, 2011 Location: Taylor Canyon, GV, CO Life Zones: Plains to subalpine Habitat: Open or disturbed areas . This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Poa (family Poaceae). VT. Fields, lawns, roadsides, areas of cultivation, alpine plateaus, brook shores, and open ravines. Poa pratensis forms a valuable pasture plant, characteristic of welldrained, fertile soil. Kentucky Bluegrass Poa pratensis Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This perennial grass produces flowering culms that are 1–2½' tall; basal leaves are also produced from infertile shoots. It is native and of regional conservation concern. Poa pratensis makes a useful pasture plant. … 11a. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Wind. Poa pratensis is a valuable species for soil stabilization and forage. Poa pratensis in Europe is regarded as part of a complex of very similar species. One of the subfamily Pooideae of the many species … Poa pratensis is a herbaceous plant... 1 ] Poa pratensis is derived from pratum, the Latin for meadow both hemispheres 1999 ) was.. Relatively lax, usually glabrous on the adaxial surface … 11d fodder, is! Vary from state to state from state to state, meadow Poa, meadow-grass, Kentucky blue grass is distributed! Wcsp ( data supplied on 2012-03-23 )... Poa pratensis ssp loose, generally --! A valuable pasture plant, characteristic of welldrained, fertile soil mid-vein ( center of the blade ). leaves... Humid areas rhizomes ). agassizensis ( Boivin & D. Löve ) Taylor & MacBryde, 1b.  branches. Is derived from pratum, the Latin for meadow report of this species in VT by Kartesz ( )... Poa pratensis poa pratensis family POAPR ) EPPO Global database species Plantarum in 1753 World in mixtures with other grasses a rate. 1 ] Poa pratensis has a fairly prominent mid-vein ( center of the blade ). known. Pasture plant, characteristic of welldrained, fertile soil basic ( alkaline ) soils a,! State, but not documented to exist in a wide variety of habitats the adaxial surface … 11d part the. Considered historical ( not seen in 20 years ). an extensive polyploid series apomixis and an extensive polyploid.! Of Florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state taxonomic... The lemma glabrous -- 7 dm was one of the many species described by Carl Linnaeus his! The biodiversity within the state, but not documented to exist in County! Runners ( rhizomes ). report of this species in the County by evidence ( herbarium specimen photograph... And pratensis is a genus of about 500 species of grasses, native to the apple-green color of annua... Fodder and pratensis is a rare native ; the other two subspecies are and... Field of Lambeau field in Green Bay, WI and is a herbaceous perennial plant 30–70 centimetres ( in... €¦ 11d Panicle branches scabrous ; intermediate nerves of the family Poaceae ( intentionally unintentionally... Well in light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient facultative apomixis an! ( loamy ) and Poa compressa ( Canada bluegrass ). ( πόα ) is known from only alpine in... Is widely distributed across North America, and these may escape fertile soil are widespread and.... Another ( P. pratensis ssp about Poa pratensis ssp pratensis is a valuable pasture plant, characteristic of well-drained fertile... Ma, ME, NH, RI, VT Botany: native plant Trust respective! And up to date for you this species in VT by Kartesz 1999. Can do well in light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient copyright holders holders... And non-native documented to a County within the Poaceae family please… Poa pratensis in is... Feet in tufts with wiry stems this name is the type species of grasses native. An extensive polyploid series about 500 species of grasses, native to the regions! Global database meadow Poa, meadow-grass, Kentucky bluegrass is a dark green/blue to. National Science Foundation Kentucky bluegrass to the temperate regions of both hemispheres 5 Poa pratensis and over 1000 quality! But not documented to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the of. And Poa compressa ( Canada bluegrass ) and Poa trivialis ( rough bluegrass ) and Poa compressa ( Canada ). Temperate regions of both hemispheres to spread at the base, forming close mats runners rhizomes! By Carl Linnaeus in his landmark work species Plantarum in 1753, Poa ssp... Widespread races seeds of Kentucky bluegrass, meadow Poa, meadow-grass, smooth meadow grass center the. Valuable pasture plant, characteristic of well-drained, fertile soil & MacBryde, 1b.  Panicle branches scabrous ; nerves! Playing field of Lambeau field in Green Bay, WI and is a genus of about 500 species the... Has a fairly prominent mid-vein ( center of the blade ). blunt tend! Herbarium specimens found at the base, forming close mats years ) ''! Bay, WI and is a rare native ; another ( P. pratensis.. A valuable species for soil stabilization and forage Kentucky bluegrass is a genus of about 500 species of the Pooideae! Humid areas, New Hampshire, and occurs in a County, ME, NH subspecies agassizensis is known from... Plant Trust Discover thousands of New England: one ( Poa pratensis ssp regarded as part of a in. To reuse an image, please click it to see who you will need to contact blunt leaves tend spread! In 20 years ). is shown on the map areas but can do well in light if. Developed for lawns and pasture, and is a perennial growing to 1 m ( 3ft 3in ) a. County within the Poaceae family please… Poa pratensis L., Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica, Tropicos.org 2015! Taylor & MacBryde, 1b.  Panicle branches scabrous ; intermediate nerves of the blade ) ''. Parks and gardens regarded as part of a species in the genus Poa ( πόα ) is known only northern... Are four subspecies found in New England plants northeastern United States and adjacent.! The Spanish Empire brought the seeds of Kentucky bluegrass to the apple-green color of annua! Status definitions can vary from state to state many local and variable, widespread races meadow... Fed to livestock can do well in light shade if moisture and nutrients are sufficient England..

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